Balcony Maintenance & Repairs
Adams Stirling PLC


Inspections Required. In addition to reserve study inspections every three years for maintenance and repairs, condominium associations with three or more units must conduct a structural inspection every nine years.

Waterproofing Membranes. Waterproofing membranes will eventually become worn and damaged. Damage occurs naturally over time from sunlight during the summer and rains in the winter. Problem signs to look for include:

  • bubbling of the deck surface,
  • cracks in the membrane,
  • soft spots in the deck that sag when stepped on,
  • flashing that is pulling away from the wall,
  • water that does not flow to the drains.

Premature Failure. In addition, owners can cause premature failure by moving heavy items across the surface, such as large plant-filled pots, sharp legs on chairs and tables, etc. Charcoal grills should also be prohibited--in addition to being fire hazards and creating nuisance smoke, any hot coals dropped onto the surface will burn through the waterproofing membrane. Decks should be kept clean since sand and grit, when walked on, will grind into the surface and damage the waterproofing.

Rules & Regulations. If owners are responsible for maintaining their own decks, guidelines need to be written into the association's rules to cover the following items:

  • what to look for when inspecting the decks for damage,
  • how to avoid damage to the waterproofing membrane,
  • how often the deck should be resealed (waterproofing products such as Dexotex require recoating every 5 years--sooner if there is heavy usage or damage from patio furniture, etc.),
  • the kinds of waterproofing systems that are acceptable to the association,
  • prohibited deck systems, such as carpet and tile,
  • deck drain maintenance,
  • deck to wall flashing maintenance.

Confusing Maintenance Duties. Association documents routinely assign maintenance duties between owners and the association. Unfortunately, exclusive use common areas are often left out or muddled. For example, in condominium developments, older CC&Rs are vague or silent when it comes to balcony.

Old Default Provision. To resolve the problem, the Davis-Stirling Act created a default provision that assigned exclusive use maintenance to owners. The Act did not define "maintenance" but everyone understood it to include repairs since most dictionaries define it as such.

New Default Provision. Starting January 1, 2017 a new default provision went into effect. Unless an association's CC&Rs state otherwise, owners continue to be responsible for maintaining their exclusive use areas but the association will be responsible for repairing and replacing them. (Civ. Code §4775(a)(3).)

Confusing. By separating repairs from maintenance, the legislature created a problem. Governing documents were routinely drafted making owners responsible for "maintenance" without addressing repairs and replacement since they were understood. What does "maintenance" mean? Does maintenance mean sweeping a balcony deck? Or does it mean applying a seal coat to extend the life of the decking material? The answer is important because if owners fail to maintain their balcony decks, the association must repair or replace them. When that happens, the owner can be required to pay for the repair since he failed to maintain his deck.

Recommendation: To avoid legal wrangles, associations need to adopt maintenance guidelines and clearly define an owner's duties for balconies decks. Each association will need to decide for itself whether it wants to maintain deck coatings or assign that task to owners--and if so, what does that mean? Associations should create maintenance charts with clearly defined duties. Those with existing charts will need to update them to include more detail. Some associations will need to amend their CC&Rs.

ASSISTANCE: Associations needing legal assistance can contact us. To stay current with issues affecting community associations, subscribe to the Davis-Stirling Newsletter.

Adams Stirling PLC