Although Civil Code §2924b(b)
requires that notices be sent by registered or certified mail, it does not require a signed receipt before an association moves to the next step in the foreclosure process.
Refusal to Sign
. To require a signed receipt means a person could stop a foreclosure by refusing to sign for letters. Because owners often refuse to sign for certified mail, Civil Code §2924b(e)
also requires that notice be given concurrently by first-class mail. The court in Bear Creek v. Edwards
addressed the issue of unsigned receipts and determined that notice cannot be defeated by a person's willful failure to accept certified mail. The court in
...while a signed return receipt may create a rebuttable presumption that the notice was received, the absence of such a signed return receipt does not negate any other presumptions concerning mailed items. Under Evidence Code
section 641, "[a] letter correctly addressed and properly mailed is presumed to have been received in the ordinary course of mail." Notice Requirements.
A foreclosure starts with a Notice of Default
(NOD). After three months a Notice of Sale can be prepared. For the NOD, there is an additional requirement of personal or substituted service
for assessment lien foreclosures as set forth in Civil Code §5710(b)
. Service of the NOD can be a problem when the owner cannot be located or is deceased. As for a Notice of Sale, it must be recorded, published, mailed and posted but not personally served.
. Notices to owners living in Mexico or other countries are handled differently
: Associations needing legal assistance can contact us
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