"An easement is an interest in the land of another, which entitles the owner of the easement to a limited use or enjoyment of the other's land." (4 Witkin, Summary of Cal. Law (9th ed. 1987) Real Property, § 434, p. 614, italics omitted.) An easement appurtenant to the land is "attached to the land of the owner of the easement, and benefits him as the owner or possessor of that land." (Id., § 435, p. 615.)
"An easement differs from a covenant running with the land and from an equitable servitude, in that these are created by promises concerning the land, which may be enforceable by or binding upon successors to the estate of either party, while an easement is an interest in the land, created by grant or prescription." (4 Witkin, Summary of Cal. Law, supra, Real Property, § 434, p. 615, italics omitted.) A covenant running with the land is created by language in a deed or other document showing an agreement to do or refrain from doing something with respect to use of the land. (Id., § 484, pp. 661-662.) An equitable servitude may be created when a covenant does not run with the land but equity requires that it be enforced. (Id., § 493, p. 670.) [Committee to Save Beverly Highlands v. Beverly Highlands.]
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