A townhouse (or townhome) is a type of construction not a form of ownership. As a result, ownership of a townhouse can be as a condominium (ownership of airspace) or a quasi single-family home (ownership of the structure and land upon which it stands). Single-family homes are normally defined as detached stand-alone houses.
Townhouse Construction. What makes a townhouse distinctive is its construction. Townhouses are individual residences attached to each other via a party wall., i.e. a row of homes sharing common walls which is why they are sometimes referred to as row houses. Townhouses have no neighbors above or below, only side-to-side. They are generally 3 or more stories tall.
Zero-Lot-Line Homes. A townhouse is not the same as a "zero-lot-line" home, which describes the placement of a house on a lot. In a development with zero lot lines, houses are placed as close to the property line of an adjoining houses as possible. Houses are not physically attached to each other, instead they are separated by a small space.
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