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Josh Mendelsohn

             
            Josh Mendelsohn, Esq.
            ADAMS | STIRLING
            Professional Law Corporation


The index on the left lists cases affecting community associations in California. For those with touch screens, use a short tap for a summary of the case and a double tap to view the case.

Below are cases listed by category. (NOTE: The list is not exhaustive and some rulings have been revised by subsequent cases. Attorneys should check the current status of cases before citing or otherwise relying on information posted on our website.) Search Feature: Use "CTRL-F" on your keyboard to search for particular words on this page.

AMENDMENTS & RESTATEMENTS (see GOVERNING DOCUMENTS)
Battram v. Emerald Bay (1984). If annulment uses lower approval than amendment, CC&Rs may be amended using lower %.
Costa Serena Owners v. Costa Serena ARC (2009). 4-year SOL for procedural challenges to CC&R amendments.
Doo v. Packwood (1968). An illegal restriction will not be enforced as a servitude.
Fourth La Costa v. Seith (2008). 4275 petition--lender approval, reasonableness of amendments, & ballot solicitation.
Greenback Townhomes v. Rizan (1985). Assn is the proper party to file a 4275 petition.
Mission Shores v. Pheil (2008). Reasonableness of lease restrictions in CC&R amendment.
Ocean Windows OA v. Anna Spataro (2017) unpublished.
Peak Investments v. South Peak HOA (2006). Petition requires approval by majority of members, not just majority of who voted.
Quail Lakes v. Kozina (2012). Petition--owner has no standing to pursue due process claims of other owners.
Taormina Theosophical v. Silver (1983). A void document "derives no validity from the mere fact that it is recorded."

ARCHITECTURAL ISSUES (see ARCHITECTURAL MENU)
Bear Creek Planning v. Ferwerda (2011).
Chapala Management v. Stanton (2010).
Clear Lake Riviera v. Cramer (2010).
Cohen v. Kite Hill (1983). Associations are quasi-governmental.
Deane Gardenhome v. Denktas (1993).
Dolan-King v. Rancho Santa Fe (2000).
Ekstrom v. Marquesa at Monarch Beach (2009).
Ironwood v. Solomon (1986).
Lingenbrink v. Del Rayo Estates (2017) unpublished.
Morgan v. Veach (1943).
Mullaly v. Ojai Hotel Co. (1968).
Pacifica HOA v. Wesley Palms (1986).
Posey v. Leavitt (1991).
Rancho Santa Fe v. Dolan-King (2004).
Riley v. Bear Creek (1976).
Ryland Mews v. Munoz (2015).
Savoy v. Zhang (2012) unpublished.
Seligman v. Tucker (1970).
Telford v. Sagewood HOA (2011) unpublished.
Tesoro del Valle v. Griffen (2011).
Ticor Title v. Rancho Santa Fe (1986).
Ward v. Superior Court (1997). Recording a notice of violation is not supported by statute.
White v. Dorfman (1981).
Woodridge Escondido v. Nielsen (2005).

ASSESSMENTS (see ASSESSMENTS MENU)
Bear Creek Master Assn v. Edwards (2005).
Bodily v. Parkmont Village Green (1980).
Cebular v. Cooper Arms HOA (2006).
Finley v. Superior Court (2000).
Foothills Townhome Assn v. Christiansen (1998). Special assess was within amount needed to defray costs for which it was levied.
Mountain Home Properties v. Pine Mountain Lake (1982).
O'Toole v. Kingsbury Court (2005).
Park Place Estates v. Naber (1994).

ASSESSMENT COLLECTION (see COLLECTION MENU)
Barry v. OC Residential Properties (2011).
Cerro de Alcala HOA v. Burns (1985).
Diamond v. Superior Court (2013).
Diamond Heights Village v. Financial Freedom (2011).
Fidelity Mortgage v. Ridgegate East (1994).
Foothills Townhome Assn v. Christiansen (1998). Special assessment was within the amount necessary to defray costs for which it was levied.
Hanson v. JQD dba Pro Solutions (2014). It violates the DSA and FDCPA for a collection agency to collect fees, interest and late charges which were never charged to the assn.
Huntington Continental v. Miner (2014).
Mashiri v. Epsten Grinnell & Howell (2017).
MTC Financial v. Nationstar Mortgage (2018).
Multani v. Witkin & Neal (2013).
Thaler v. Household Finance (2000).
Thies v. Law Offices of William Wyman (1997). FDCPA applies to delinquent assessments.
Wilton v. Mountain Wood (1993). Litigation privilege applies to association's recording of assessment liens.

ATTORNEY'S FEES (see COMMENTARY)
Almanor Lakeside Villas Owners Association v. Carson (2016).
Artus v. Gramercy Towers (2018).
Bear Creek Planning v. Ferwerda (2011).
Blue Lagoon v. Mitchell (1997). Petition to amend CC&Rs is not an adversary proceeding so no award of atty fees.
Grossman v. Park Fort Washington Assn. (2012).
Heather Farms HOA v. Robinson (1994).
Irish Beach v. Farrell (2009) unpublished.
Lewow v. Surfside III (2012).
Moran v. Oso Valley Greenbelt (2004).
Mount Olympus v. Shpirt (1997).
Nellie Gail Ranch v. McMullin (2016).
Parrott v. Mooring Townhomes Assn. (2003).
Rancho Mirage Country Club v. Hazelbaker (2016).
Retzloff v. Moulton Parkway Assn (2017).
Reynolds v. Auburn County Villa (2014) unpublished.
Salehi v Surfside III (2011).
That v. Alders Maintenance Assn (2012).
Tract 19051 Homeowners Assn v. Kemp (2015).

BOARD AUTHORITY AND DISCRETION (see DEFINITION)
Affan v. Portofino Cove (2010).
Beehan v. Lido Isle (1977). Before entering litigation, boards can weigh advantages and disadvantages of probable outcome against cost in money, time, and disruption.
Calemine v. Jared Court (2009) unpublished.
Cathedral Hill Tower v. Garbar (2012) unpublished.
Clark v. Rancho Santa Fe (1989).
Ekstrom v. Marquesa at Monarch Beach (2009).
Eldridge v. Tymshare, Inc. (1986).
Franklin v. Marie Antoinette (1993).
Harvey v. Landing HOA (2008).
Lamden v. La Jolla Shores (1999).
Palm Spring Villas II v. Parth (2016).
Spitser v. Kentwood Home Guardians (1972).

BOARD MEETINGS (see MEETING MENU)
Hamilton v. Los Gatos (1989).
Seahaus La Jolla v. Superior Court (2014).
SB Liberty v. Isla Verde (2013).

CC&R ENFORCEMENT (see ENFORCEMENT MENU)
Alfaro v. Community Housing (2009). A restriction that requires properties remain affordable to low income buyers is enforceable.
Almanor Lakeside Villas v. Carson (2016).
Bernardo Villas Mgmt. v. Black (1987).
Biagini v. Hyde (1970).
Broadmoor San Clemente v. Nelson (1995).
Cathedral Hill Tower v. Garber (2012) unpublished
Citizens for Covenant Compliance v. Anderson (1995).
Duffey v. Superior Court (1992).
Fountain Valley Chateau Blanc v. Dept. of VA (1998). Assn can't order owner to remove clutter from unit.
Franklin v. Marie Antoinette (1993).
Gray v. McCormick (2008).
Grossman v. Park Fort Washington (2012).
Haley v. Casa Del Rey HOA (2007).
Hannula v. Hacienda Homes (1949).
Harvey v. Landing HOA (2008).
Ironwood v. Solomon (1986).
Lewis Operating v. Superior Court (2011).
Mullaly v. Ojai Hotel Co. (1968).
Nahrstedt v. Lakeside Village (1994). Recorded covenants are presumed reasonable unless violate public policy, are arbitrary, or the burdens outweigh the benefits.
Rancho Mirage Country Club v. Hazelbaker (2016).
Riley v. Bear Creek (1976).
Salawy v. Ocean Towers (2004).
Starlight Ridge South v. Hunter-Bloor (2009).
Taormina Theosophical v. Silver (1983).
Villa De Las Palmas v. Terifaj (2004).
Villas in Whispering Palms v. Tempkin (2015) unpublished.
Ward v. Superior Court (1997). Recording a notice of violation is not supported by statute.

CORPORATE SUSPENSION (see SUSPENSION)
Palm Valley v. Design MTC (2001).
Timberline, Inc. v. Jaisinghani (1997).

DISCLOSURE OBLIGATIONS (see DISCLOSURE CHECKLIST)
Kovich v. Paseo Del Mar (1996). No duty to disclose existence of CD lawsuit to purchasers.
Ostayan v. Nordhoff Townhomes (2003).
Smith v. Laguna Sur Villas (2000).

DISCRIMINATION (see DISCRIMINATION MENU)
Auburn Woods I v. Fair Employment & Housing (2004)
Balvage v. Ryderwood (2011).
Bliler v. Covenant Control Commission (1988).
Carolyn v. Orange Park (2009).
Coronado v. Cobblestone (2009).
Huntington Landmark v. Ross (1989).
Jankey v. Twentieth Century Fox (1998).
Koebke v. Bernardo Heights Country Club (2005).
Landesman v. The Keys (2004) not for citation.
Llanos v. Estate of Anthony Coehlo (1998).
Lobel v. Woodland Golf Club (2017).
Nelson v. Avondale (2009).
O'Connor v. Village Green (1983).
Ritchey v. Villa Nueva (1978).
Sabal Palm Condominiums v. Fischer (2014)
Scoggins v. Lee's Crossing HOA (2013).
Shapiro v. Cadman Towers (1995).
So. Cal. Housing Rights Ctr. v. Los Feliz Towers (2005).
Sunrise Country Club Assn. v. Proud (1987).
United States v. Plaza Mobile Estates (2003).
Walnut Creek Manor v. Fair Employment & Housing (1991).

DUE PROCESS (see DEFINITION)
Applebaum v. Board of Directors (1980).
Cason v. Glass Bottle Blowers Assn (1951).
Kurz v. Federation of Petanque USA (2006).

ELECTIONS (see ELECTION MENU)
Chantiles v. Lake Forest II (1995).
DiQuisto v. County of Santa Clara (2010).
Fourth La Costa v. Seith (2008).
Friars Village v. Hansing (2013).
La Jolla Mesa Vista v. La Jolla Mesa Vista (1992).
Lake Arrowhead Timeshare Owners v. Lake Arrowhead Chalet Owners (1996). Amendment which puts one class of voters at a disadvantage must be approved by each class.
Mayo v. Interment Properties (1942).
Samii v. La Villa Grande (2009) unpublished.
Wittenburg v. Beachwalk (2013).

FEES AND CHARGES (see FEES MENU)
Barry v. OC Residential Properties (2011).
Berryman v. Merit (2007). Civ. Code §4575 applies only to charges by an association and not by 3rd-party vendors.
Brown v. PCM (2005).
Dey v. Continental Central Credit (2009).
Fowler v. M&C Association Mgmt (2013).
Marina Pacifica v. Southern California Financial (2014).
Watts v. Oak Shores (2015).

GOVERNMENT/MUNICIPAL PERMITS/TAXATION
Lake Forest Community Association v. County of Orange (1978).
Ocean Harbor House v. California Coastal Commission (2008).
Topanga Assn. v. County of Los Angeles (1974).

INDEMNIFICATION (see DEFINITION)
Crawford v. Weather Shield (2008).
Queen Villas v. TCB Property Mgmt (2007).

INSURANCE ISSUES (see INSURANCE MENU)
Foothill Village v. Bishop (1999).
Larkspur Isle v. Farmers Insurance (1994).
Marina Green v. State Farm (1994).
Marquez Knolls v. Executive Risk Indemnity (2007).
Oak Park Calabasas v. State Farm (2006).
Palacin v. Allstate Insurance (2004).
Parkwoods v. California Insurance Guarantee (2006).
San Miguel v. State Farm (2013).
Villa Los Alamos v. State Farm (2011).

LEGAL STANDING (see DEFINITION)
Adelman v. Associated International Ins. (2001).
B.C.E. Dev. v. Smith (1989).
Committee to Save BHHA v. Beverly Highlands (2001).
Del Mar Beach Club v. Imperial (1981).
Farber v. Bay View Terrace (2006).
Golden Rain Foundation v. Franz (2008).
Irish Beach v. Farrell (2009) unpublished.
Market Lofts v. 9th Street Market Lofts (2014).
Martin v. Bridgeport (2009).
Windham at Carmel v. Superior Court (2003).

LIABILITY ISSUES
Alpert v. Villa Romano (2000).
Cadam v. Somerset Gardens (2011).
Castillo v. Cinnamon Tree (2017) unpublished.
Chee v. Amanda Gold Property Mgmt (2006).
Cody v. Falletti (2001).
Cohen v. S & S Construction (1983).
Davert v. Larson (1985).
Dilger v. Moyles (1997). Golfers assume a risk of getting hit by errant golf balls.
Frances T. v. Village Green (1986). Association subject to same duties as landlord re foreseeable harm.
Girardi v. San Rafael HOA (2012) unpublished.
Heiman v. WCAB (2007).
Hellman v. La Cumbre Golf & Country Club (1992).
Holland v. Assessment Appeals Bd. No. 1 (2014).
Pamela W. v. Millsom (1994). Distinguished from Frances T, association not liable for random criminal acts.
Raven's Cove v. Knuppe Dev. (1981). Developer with control of board owes fiduciary duties to association and members.
Ruoff v. Harbor Creek (1992).
Tilley v. CZ Master Association (2005).
Titus v. Canyon Lake (2004).
Wentworth v. Sierra North Village HOA (2004) unpublished.

LITIGATION ISSUES (see LITIGATION MENU)
Arias v. Katella Townhouse HOA (2005).
Bein v. Brechtel-Jochim Group (1992). Gate guard may be served if guard denies process server access to development.
Cabrini Villas v. Haghverdian (2003).
Elnekave v. Via Dolce (2006).
Heather Farms v. Robinson (1994).
Kaplan v. Fairway Oaks (2002).
Kaye v. Mount La Jolla (1988).
Kovacevic v. Avalon at Eagles' Crossing (2010).
Lewow v. Surfside III (2012).
Moorpark Homeowner's Assn. v. VRT Corp. (1998). Partition actions must be judicial.
O'Toole v. Kingsbury Court (2005).
That v. Alders (2012).
Tract 19051 HOA v. Kemp (2015).
Woodland Hills v. City Council (1979).

MAINTENANCE, REPAIR & REPLACEMENT (see MAINTENANCE MENU)
Dover Village v. Jennison (2011).
Ritter & Ritter v. Churchill (2008).

MEDIATION/ARBITRATION (see DISPUTE RESOLUTION MENU)
Foxgate HOA v. Bramalea (2001).
Mansouri v. Superior Court (2010).
Villa Milano HOA v. Il Davorge (2000).

NUISANCE (see NUISANCE MENU)
Birke v. Oakwood Worldwide (2009).
Schlid v. Rubin (1991).

PROTECTED SPEECH AND ANTI-SLAPP
Boswell v. The Retreat (2016) unpublished.
Cabrera v. Alam (2011).
California Riviera v. Hackel (1996). Prelitigation communications were come within the litigation privilege.
Colyear v. Rolling Hills (2017).
Country Side Villas v. Ivie (2011).
Cross v. Cooper (2011).
Damon v. Ocean Hills Journalism Club (2000).
Golden Gateway Ctr. v. Golden Gateway TA (2001).
Healy v. Tuscany Hills (2006).
Laguna Publishing Co. v. Golden Rain (1982).
Ruiz v. Harbor View (2005).
Silk v. Feldman (2012).
Turner v. Vista Pointe Ridge (2009).

RECORDS INSPECTION (see BOOKS & RECORDS MENU)
Havlicek v. Coast to Coast (1995).
Moran v. Oso Valley Greenbelt 1 (2001).
Tritek Telecom v. Superior Court (2009).
Wolf v. CDS Devco (2010).
Worldmark v. Wyndham (2010).

RENT RESTRICTIONS (see RENTER MENU)
City of Oceanside v. McKenna (1989). CC&R provision prohibiting leasing is reasonable means of achieving a stabilized community of owner-occupied units.
Colony Hill v. Ghamaty (2006). Renting rooms is a prohibited commercial activity in violation of CC&Rs requiring single-family purposes.
Harrison v. Sierra Dawn Estates (2010) unpublished
Laguna Royale v. Darger (1981).
Mission Shores v. Pheil (2008). CC&R amendment banning short-term rentals is reasonable.
Nahrstedt v. Lakeside Village (1994). The power of associations to regulate includes the rental of units.
Ritchey v. Villa Nueva (1978).
Watts v. Oak Shores (2015). Boards can adopt rules regulating short-term rentals.

RULES & REGULATIONS (see RULES & REGULATIONS MENU)
Barrett v. Dawson (1998). In-home day care allowed to operate in HOA.
Bear Creek Planning v. Ferwerda (2011).
Dolan-King v. Rancho Santa Fe (2000).
Liebler v. Point Loma Tennis Club (1995).
Major v. Miraverde HOA (1992). Rule prohibiting non-owner's use of common area invalidated where no authority in CC&Rs.
Rancho Santa Fe v. Dolan-King (2004).
Sui v. Price (2011).
Tesoro del Valle v. Griffin (2011).

STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS
Burt v. Irvine (1965).
Costa Serena Owners v. Costa Serena ARC (2009). 4-year SOL for procedural challenges to CC&R amendments.
Crestmar v. Stapakis (2007).
Cutujian v. Benedict Hills Estates (1996). Four year statute applies to cases where owner demands that the association take action and the association refuses.
Pacific Hills v. Prun (2008).
Schuman v. Ignatin (2010).
Smith v. Superior Court (1990).

VIEW PROTECTION (see DEFINITION)
Ekstrom v. Marquesa at Monarch Beach (2009).
Ezer v. Fuchsloch (1979).
Lingenbrink v. Del Rayo Estates (2017) unpublished.
Pacifica HOA v. Wesley Palms (1986).
Seligman v. Tucker (1970).
White v. Dorfman (1981).
Zabrucky v. McAdams (2005).

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