Case Law Terminology
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CASE LAW TERMINOLOGY

A decree is a judgment by a court of equity, admiralty, divorce, or probate granting relief to a party. A decree is also referred to as a judgment.

A judgment is a court's final determination of the rights and obligations of the parties.

An opinion is a court's statement of relevant facts, applicable points of law, and reasoning that led to the court's decision.

An order is issued by a court requiring a person to do or not do something.

A ruling is the outcome of a court's decision, whether on some particular point of law (such as the admissibility of evidence) or on the case as a whole. A ruling may lead to an order.

A verdict is delivered by a jury, which decides whether the evidence satisfies the elements of a claim.

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